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 Post subject: A Glossary of the Empire
PostPosted: Thu Apr 17, 2008 11:59 am 
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In the course of my articles on the Seat of the Xanarian Empire, I have created and subsequently used quite a number of terms specific to this nation. For ease of reference, I have now compiled a glossary explaining once again all those terms in a few short words.

This glossary will be continually updated by use of the “Edit”-function.

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 Post subject: Re: A Glossary of the Empire
PostPosted: Thu Apr 17, 2008 12:01 pm 
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A Glossary of the Empire

Abbas: Plural abbates. An abbott.
Abbas Generalis: plural abbates generales, literally “comprehensive abbott”. The head of a monastic order.
Acilius: A famous playwright active in around 400 Weyr.
Aedilis: plural aediles, literally “keeper of edifices”. An elected official of a consitus, responsible for a municipium’s infrastructure.
Archepiscopus: plural archepiscopi, literally “arch-overseer”. An archbishop.
Archidiaconus: plural archidiaconi, literally “arch-deacon”. Head priest at a bishop’s own church.
Auxiliaris: plural auxiliares, literally “helper”. Military unit of either cavalry, crossbowmen, or light infantry complementing the legiones.
Auxiliarius: plural auxiliarii, literally “belonging to a auxiliaris”. Trooper of an auxiliaris.
Avinaris: plural avinares, literally “bird-man” (bastardized Fregellan). A fraternius engaged in the prostitution business.

Bassianum: The monumental amphitheatre built in Xanarium by Xanarches Bassianus in around 700 Weyr for gladiatorila shows, prototype for all later arenas.
Bucellarius: plural bucellarii, literally “biscuit-men”. Armed member of the retinue of a powerful honestior, a private soldier.

Capellanus: plural capellani, literally “chaplain”. A presbyter who is not head of his parish.
Capitularius: plural capitularii, literally “chapter-man”. A presbyter who is a member of a large church’s chapter.
Capo: plural capones, literally “head” (bastardized Fregellan). The leader of a fraternis.
Cardinalis: plural cardinales, literally “one who is fundamental to something”. A high honorific rank within the Church.
Cardinalis Curiatus: plural cardinales curiati, literally “cardinalis of the curia”. A high-ranking bureaucrat within the Church.
Censor: plural censores, literally “one who gives his opinion”. An infrequently elected official of a consitus, responsible for holding a census of a municipium’s citizens.
Centuria: plural centuriae, literally “hundred”. Military unit of eighty men.
Centurio: plural centuriones, literally “man of a hundred”. Commanding officer of a centuria.
Cognomen: plural cognomina, literally “added name”. Last part of the trianomina, originally common to families within the same tribe or clan.
Cohors: plural cohortes, literally “gathered together”. A military unit of four centuriae.
Collegium: plural collegia, literally “gathered together”. A social and administrational body of persons sharing the same occupation, highly important for social life in the Seat of the Xanarian Empire.
Consitor: plural consitores, literally “one who sits”. A member of a consitus, an hereditary and compulsitory post.
Consitus: plural consiti, literally “sitting together”. The parliament of a municipium, largely powerless.
Consultum: plural consulta, literally “advice, decree”. A resolution of the senate, largely without real power.
Contubernium: plural contubernia, literally “common lodging”. The smallest unit of legio and auxiliaris, eight men sharing a tent.

Diaconus: plural diaconi, literally “deacon”. Head presbyter of a church with several presbyteres.

Episcopus: plural episcopi, literally “overseer”. A bishop.

Fabrica: plural fabricae, literally “workshop”. A huge workshop for manufacturing military equipment with scores of highly specialized labourers.
Fiscalis: plural fiscales, literally “treasurer”. A government official appointed by the Imperator, the tax assessor (not collector!) of one or several municipia.
Fortex: plural fortices, literally “strongman” (bastardized Fregellan). A fraternius engaged in the racketeering business. The most numerous of fraternii and at the same time most prestigious among them.
Fraternis: plural fraternes, literally “brotherhood” (bastardized Fregellan). A self-contained criminal gang holding sole sway over all ciminal activity within a clearly delineated urban area and headed by a capo.
Fraternius: plural fraternii, literally “fraternis-man”. Member of a fraternis, regardless of his rank.
Fregellarius: plural Fregellarii, literally “inhabitant of the Fregellan peninsula”. An obsolete legal status.

Genomen: plural genomina, literally “tribal name”. Middle part of the trianomina, originally the name of one’s tribe or clan.

Honestior: plural honestiores, literally “one who is more honourable”. A legal status, the elites of the Seat of the Xanarian Empire.
Humilior: plural humiliores, literally “one who is less”. A legal status, the masses of the inhabitants of the Seat of the Xanarian Empire.

Imperator: plural imperatores, literally “ruling warlord”. The emperor of the Xanarian Empire and the most powerful of its three ruling bodies.
Inquisitor: plural inquisitores, literally “one who looks into something”. An inquisitor of the Church.
Inquisitor Generalis: plural inquisitores generales, literally “comprehensive inquisitor”. The head of the inquisition.
Iudex: plural iudeces, literally “judge”. A government official appointed by the Imperator, the supreme judge of a municipium.

Legatus: plural legati, literally “one who is sent” (by the Imperator, that is). Commanding officer of a legio and all auxiliares assigned to it.
Legio: plural legiones, literally “selected, legion”. Core unit of the Xanarian army, consisting of eight cohortes of highly professional heavy infantry.
Legionarius: plural legionarii, literally “belonging to a legio, legionary”. Trooper of a legio.

Magister: plural magistri, literally “master”. The regional head of a religious military order.
Magister Generalis: plural magistri generales, literally “comprehensive master”. The grandmaster of a religious military order.
Magister Navium: plural magistri navium, literally "master of ships". The high commander of the Xanarian navy, answerable only to the Imperator.
Monacus: plural monaci. A monk.
Municipium: plural municipia, literally “community”. A township of the Xanarian Empire and all its surrounding lands, an administrative subdivision.

Nonna: Plural nonnae. A nun.

Oculus: literally „eye“. The secret service of the Empire, run by the senate.
Optio: plural optiones, literally “selected one”. A military officer, a centurio’s deputy.

Pingis: plural pinges, literally “greaser” (bastardized Fregellan). A fraternius engaged in smuggling, so-called from the need to grease the palms of custom and other officials.
Praefectura: plural praefecturae, literally “prefecture, district”. A geographical administrational subdivision of the Empire, made up of one or more often several municipia and run by a praefectus.
Praefectus: plural praefecti, literally “one who is placed before something, prefect”. A government official appointed by the Imperator, governor of a praefectura.
Praefectus classis occidentalis: literally "prefect of the western fleet". A military officer appointed by the Imperator, commander of the half of the Xanarian fleet stationed in the western ocean. Answerable to the magister navium.
Praefectus classis orientalis: literally "prefect of the eastern fleet". A military officer appointed by the Imperator, commander of the half of the Xanarian fleet stationed in the Sea of Fallen Gods. Stationed in Xanarium itself and therefore more prestigious than his western colleague. Answerable to the magister navium.
Praelatus: plural praelati, literally “one who is distinguished”. A dignitary of the Church with ordinary jurisdictional powers within it.
Praenomen: plural praenomina, literally “first name”. The first part of the trianomina, corresponding to given name.
Praetor: plural praetores, literally “one who walks in front, leader”. An elected official of a consitus with responsibilities comparable to a mayor’s.
Presbyter: plural presbyteres. A priest.
Presbyter Ordinaris: plural presbyteres ordinares, literally “presbyter of an order”. A presbyter who is also member of a monastic order.
Primas: plural primates, literally “one who is first”. An archepiscopus holding secular authority over a Chuch province.
Prior: plural priores, literally “one who is first”. An abbott.
Prior Generalis: plural priores generales, literally “comprehensive prior”. The head of a monastic order.
Protnotarius: plural protonotarii, literally “one who is preposed to a secretary”. A cardinalis curiatus who is one of the administrative heads of the entire Church.
Provincialis: plural provinciales, literally “man of the province”. The head abbott of a monastic order within a Church province.
Publicanus: plural publicani, literally “public person”. A wealthy private citizen appointed and empowered by the local fiscalis to collect taxes within a certain rural district. Usually embezzles shamelessly.
Puritianus: plural Puritiani, literally "pure one". A member of the religious military order of the puritiani, attached to the Inquisition.

Quaestor: plural quaestores, literally “one who searches, treasurer”. An elected official of a consitus, responsible for administrating a municipium’s treasury.

Rector: plural rectores, literally “one who rectifies”. A government official appointed in some municipia temporarily by the Imperator to replace the consitus and its officials.
Regens: pural regentes, literally “one who governs”. A presbyter who is head of a seminary for training new presbyteres.

SEIX: short for “Senatus Ecclesiaque Imperatorque Xanarium”, literally “Senate and Church and Emperor of Xanarium”. The national emblem of the Empire, ennumerating its three governmental bodies.
Signifer: plural signiferes, literally “one who carries the standard”. A military officer carrying the standard of a unit.
Sopholis: A famour playwright active in the first half of the 5th century.
Subregens: plural subregentes, literally “under-governor”. A regens’ deputy.
Superior: plural superiores, literally “one who is higher in rank”. An abbott.
Superior Generalis: plural superiores generales, literally “comprehensive superior”. The head of a monastic order.

Tabellarius: plural tabellarii, literally “chart-keeper”. A bookmaker, either a freelancer giving a share to a fortex of the local fraternis or, more rarely, a fraternius himself.
Trianomina: literally “the three names”. Term for the tripartite name formula of every citizen of the Xanarian Empire.
Tribunus: plural tibuni, literally "man of the tribe". A military officer, either one of four assigned the legatus of a legio as deputies, or independently commanding a cohors of auxiliares.
Trinitarius: plural trinitarii, literally "man of the Trinity". A member of the monastic order of the trinitarii who try to emulate all aspects of Three-Gods-Become-One and who do therefore also have a martial bend; comparable to a member of a knightly religious order.
Tutor: plural tutores, literally “teacher, tutor”. A teacher, more specifically a presbyter whose duties consist mainly of teaching the common populace.

Uripidius: A famous playwright active in around 450 Weyr.

Venator: plural venatores, literally “hunter”. A bounty hunter, usually hunting the numerous brigands of the Seat of the Empire.
Vicarius: plural vicarii, literally “caretaker”. A presbyter appointed by another presbyter to stand in for him in some function, usually in administering a parish.
Vicarius Capitularius: plural vicarii capitularii, literally “caretaker of chapter”. A presbyter standing in for an episcopus during a vacancy of the episcopal see.
Vicarius Generalis: plural vicarii generali, literally “comprehensive caretaker”. A presbyter who is an episcopus’ deputy and closest helper.
Vicarius Patriarchalis: plural vicarii patriarchales, literally “father’s caretaker”. A presbyter with the special privilege to stand in for the Xanarches in all liturgical functions.
Vicarius Primatis: plural vicarii pimates, literally “the first one’s caretaker”. A presbyter standing in for a primas during a vacancy of the primas’ see.
Vicinarius: plural vicinarii, literally “neighbourhood-man”. A mid-ranking fraternius either in charge of a certain neighbourhood within the fraternis’ territory or else of a certain branch of the fraternis’ activities, like prostitution or gambling.
Visitator: plural visitatores, literally “one who visits”. A cardinalis curiatus despatched by the Xanarches for a clearly delineated reason and equipped with special authority.

Xanarches: plural Xanarches, literally “arch-Xanarian”. The theological and secular head of the entire Church, one of the three ruling bodies of the Xanarian Empire.

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